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Том 6 №4 2004 год - Нефрология и диализ

Выживаемость и факторы риска неблагоприятных исходов у больных на программном гемодиализе (Обзор литературы)


Бикбов Б.Т.

Аннотация: В настоящее время на заместительной почечной терапии в мире находятся почти полтора миллиона пациентов [110], и большая их часть (68,7%) - на программном гемодиализе. Количество больных, получающих лечение всеми видами ЗПТ, и в первую очередь гемодиализом, постоянно увеличивается, в среднем на 7% в год. Рост числа пациентов, получающих лечение ПГД, отмечается также и в Российской Федерации, причем темпы увеличения превышают среднемировые показатели [2]. Так по сравнению с предыдущим годом прирост количества больных на ПГД в Российской Федерации составил в 1999 г. 5,2%, в 2000 г. - 8,4% и в 2001 г. - 16,5%.

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Ключевые слова: гемодиализ, выживаемость, факторы риска

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