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Том 3 №1 2001 год - Нефрология и диализ

Современные подходы к иммунопрофилактике инфекций у пациентов с заболеваниями почек (Обзор литературы)


Магаршак О.О. Шавырин А.А.

Аннотация: Исторически сложилось так, что нефрологи осторожны и консервативны в решении вопроса о проведении профилактических прививок детям с хронической почечной патологией, поскольку опасаются возможности ухудшения течения заболевания или запуска реакции отторжения трансплантата у реципиентов [1, 2]. Поэтому таким детям профилактические прививки либо вообще не проводились, либо курс иммунизации не был завершен, и они оказались незащищенными от управляемых инфекций. Известно, что хронические заболевания усугубляют тяжесть течения инфекции и способствуют развитию осложнений, что повышает значение профилактических мероприятий у этого контингента детей [3, 4].

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Ключевые слова: вакцины, иммунизация, гломерулонефрит, пиелонефрит, хроническая почечная недостаточность, взрослые, дети

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