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Том 1 №2,3 1999 год - Нефрология и диализ

Гемодиализ: «сухой вес»; история концепции


Бернард Шарра

Аннотация: Введение В серии публикаций, посвященных истории научных и персональных достижений, уместно отдать должное истории такой важной концепции как «сухой вес» в условиях длительного диализа. В 1923 году Haas отметил, что с помощью диализа можно удалять жидкость из организма пациента. Двадцать лет спустя Kolff впервые применил в клинике искусственную почку [1], а Alwall создал первый диализатор со специальным устройством для ультрафильтрации [2]. Таким образом был открыт путь к длительной терапии гемодиализом, действительно начавшийся в Сиеттле в 1960 г. [3], тогда, когда стал реальностью долго функционирующий сосудистый доступ. * Bernard Charra «Dry weight» in dialysis: the history of a concept. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 1998. 13: 1882-85, публикуется по согласованию с автором и с разрешения Oxford University Press

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Ключевые слова: сухой вес, гемодиализ, артериальная гипертония

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