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Том 2 №4 2000 год - Нефрология и диализ

Наиболее частые ошибки диагностики и ведения инфекции мочевых путей (ИМП)


Франц М. Хорл У.

Аннотация: Проблема Инфекция мочевых путей (ИМП) - одно из наиболее частых заболеваний человека, возникающих с рождения и до глубокой старости. От 70% до 50% женщин, по крайней мере хоть раз, перенесли ИМП [1]. ИМП - является важнейшей причиной сепсиса, вызываемого грам«-» флорой в условиях стационара и после трансплантации почки [2]. Врачи общего профиля (терапевты), педиатры, урологи и нефрологи нередко пытаются уточнить, что же такое ИМП. Однако все же имеются большие разногласия, касающиеся определения ИМП, диагностики и лечения. Особенно противоречивыми остаются мнения по поводу значимости низкой бактериурии, бессимптомной ИМП, а также антимикробной терапии. ** Публикуется по согласованию с автором и с разрешения Oxford University Press ** Перевод Л.С. Бирюковой

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Ключевые слова: инфекция мочевого тракта, уропатогены, диагноз, лечение, наблюдение

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